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    Botswana Geography 1998

      Location Southern Africa, north of South Africa

      Geographic coordinates 22 00 S, 24 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 600,370 sq km
      land: 585,370 sq km
      water: 15,000 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries
      total: 4,013 km
      border countries: Namibia 1,360 km, South Africa 1,840 km, Zimbabwe 813 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate semiarid; warm winters and hot summers

      Terrain predominately flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers 513 m
      highest point: Tsodilo Hill 1,489 m

      Natural resources diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

      Land use
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 46%
      forests and woodland: 47%
      other: 6% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 20 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards periodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility

      Environment - current issues overgrazing; desertification; limited fresh water resources

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note landlocked; population concentrated in eastern part of the country

      NOTE: The information regarding Botswana on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Botswana Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Botswana Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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