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    Cambodia Geography 1998

      Location Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos

      Geographic coordinates 13 00 N, 105 00 E

      Map references Southeast Asia

      total: 181,040 sq km
      land: 176,520 sq km
      water: 4,520 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Oklahoma

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,572 km
      border countries: Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km

      Coastline 443 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation

      Terrain mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
      highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m

      Natural resources timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential

      Land use
      arable land: 13%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 11%
      forests and woodland: 66%
      other: 10% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 920 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards monsoonal rains (June to November); flooding; occasional droughts

      Environment - current issues logging activities throughout the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the border with Thailand are resulting in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); deforestation; soil erosion; in rural areas, a majority of the population does not have access to potable water

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Marine Life Conservation, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping

      Geography - note a land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap

      NOTE: The information regarding Cambodia on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cambodia Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cambodia Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)