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    Colombia Geography 1998

      Location Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama

      Geographic coordinates 4 00 N, 72 00 W

      Map references South America, Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 1,138,910 sq km
      land: 1,038,700 sq km
      water: 100,210 sq km
      note: includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, Serrana Bank, and Serranilla Bank

      Area - comparative slightly less than three times the size of Montana

      Land boundaries
      total: 7,408 km
      border countries: Brazil 1,643 km, Ecuador 590 km, Panama 225 km, Peru 2,900 km, Venezuela 2,050 km

      Coastline 3,208 km (Caribbean Sea 1,760 km, North Pacific Ocean 1,448 km)

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands

      Terrain flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Nevado del Huila 5,750 m

      Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds

      Land use
      arable land: 4%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 39%
      forests and woodland: 48%
      other: 8% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 5,300 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards highlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil damage from overuse of pesticides; air pollution, especially in Bogota, from vehicle emissions

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping

      Geography - note only South American country with coastlines on both North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding Colombia on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Colombia Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Colombia Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2022 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)