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    Czech Republic Geography 1998

      Location Central Europe, southeast of Germany

      Geographic coordinates 49 45 N, 15 30 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 78,703 sq km
      land: 78,645 sq km
      water: 58 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than South Carolina

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,881 km
      border countries: Austria 362 km, Germany 646 km, Poland 658 km, Slovakia 215 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

      Terrain Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Elbe River 115 m
      highest point: Snezka 1,602 m

      Natural resources hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite

      Land use
      arable land: 41%
      permanent crops: 2%
      permanent pastures: 11%
      forests and woodland: 34%
      other: 12% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 240 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues air and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia and in northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol

      Geography - note landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube in central Europe

      NOTE: The information regarding Czech Republic on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Czech Republic Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Czech Republic Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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