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    Ethiopia Government 1998

      Country name
      conventional long form: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
      conventional short form: Ethiopia
      local long form: YeItyop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik
      local short form: YeItyop'iya
      abbreviation: FDRE

      Data code ET

      Government type federal republic

      National capital Addis Ababa

      Administrative divisions 9 ethnically-based administrative regions (astedader akababiwach, singular - astedader akababi) and 1 federal capital*: Addis Ababa*; Afar; Amhara; Benishangul/Gumaz; Gambela; Harar; Oromia; Somali; Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples; Tigray

      Independence oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years

      National holiday National Day, 28 May (1991) (defeat of Mengistu regime)

      Constitution promulgated December 1994

      Legal system NA

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President NEGASSO Gidada (since 22 August 1995)
      head of government: Prime Minister MELES Zenawi (since August 1995)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers as provided in the December 1994 constitution; ministers are selected by the prime minister and approved by the Council of People's Representatives
      elections: president elected by the Council of People's Representatives for a six-year term; election last held June 1995 (next to be held NA 2001); prime minister designated by the party in power following legislative elections
      election results: NEGASSO Gidada elected president; percent of vote by the Council of People's Representatives - NA

      Legislative branch bicameral Parliament consists of the Council of the Federation or upper chamber (117 seats; members are chosen by state assemblies to serve five-year terms) and the Council of People's Representatives or lower chamber (548 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote from single-member districts to serve five-year terms); note - the upper chamber represents the ethnic interests of the regional governments
      elections: regional and national popular elections were held in May and June 1995 (next to be held NA 2000) and the Federal Parliamentary Assembly assumed legislative power on 21 August 1995
      election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - NA; note - EPRDF won nearly all seats

      Judicial branch Supreme Court, judges are elected by the national legislature

      Political parties and leaders Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front or EPRDF [MELES Zenawi]

      Political pressure groups and leaders Oromo Liberation Front or OLF; All Amhara People's Organization; Southern Ethiopia People's Democratic Coalition; numerous small, ethnic-based groups have formed since MENGISTU'S defeat, including several Islamic militant groups

      International organization participation ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNU, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador BERHANE Gebre-Christos
      chancery: 2134 Kalorama Road NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 234-2281, 2282
      FAX: [1] (202) 328-7950

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador David H. SHINN
      embassy: Entoto Street, Addis Ababa
      mailing address: P. O. Box 1014, Addis Ababa
      telephone: [251] (1) 550666
      FAX: [251] (1) 552191

      Flag description three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and red with a yellow pentagram and single yellow rays emanating from the angles between the points on a light blue disk centered on the three bands; Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa, and the colors of her flag were so often adopted by other African countries upon independence that they became known as the pan-African colors

      NOTE: The information regarding Ethiopia on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ethiopia Government 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ethiopia Government 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)