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    Ghana Geography 1998

      Location Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

      Geographic coordinates 8 00 N, 2 00 W

      Map references Africa

      total: 238,540 sq km
      land: 230,020 sq km
      water: 8,520 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,093 km
      border countries: Burkina Faso 548 km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877 km

      Coastline 539 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north

      Terrain mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Afadjato 880 m

      Natural resources gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber

      Land use
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 7%
      permanent pastures: 22%
      forests and woodland: 35%
      other: 24% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 60 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards dry, dusty, harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts

      Environment - current issues recent drought in north severely affecting agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake; northeasterly harmattan wind (January to March)

      NOTE: The information regarding Ghana on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ghana Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ghana Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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