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    Heard Island and McDonald Islands Geography 1998

      Location Southern Africa, islands in the Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica

      Geographic coordinates 53 06 S, 72 31 E

      Map references Antarctic Region

      total: 412 sq km
      land: 412 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than 2 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 101.9 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 3 nm

      Climate antarctic

      Terrain Heard Island - bleak and mountainous, with a quiescent volcano; McDonald Islands - small and rocky

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Big Ben 2,745 m

      Natural resources none

      Land use
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 100%

      Irrigated land 0 sq km (1993)

      Natural hazards Heard Island is dominated by a dormant volcano called Big Ben

      Environment - current issues NA

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: NA
      signed, but not ratified: NA

      Geography - note primarily used for research stations

      NOTE: The information regarding Heard Island and McDonald Islands on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Heard Island and McDonald Islands Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Heard Island and McDonald Islands Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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