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    Italy Geography 1998

      Location Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia

      Geographic coordinates 42 50 N, 12 50 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 301,230 sq km
      land: 294,020 sq km
      water: 7,210 sq km
      note: includes Sardinia and Sicily

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Arizona

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,932.2 km
      border countries: Austria 430 km, France 488 km, Holy See (Vatican City) 3.2 km, San Marino 39 km, Slovenia 232 km, Switzerland 740 km

      Coastline 7,600 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south

      Terrain mostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mont Blanc 4,807 m

      Natural resources mercury, potash, marble, sulfur, dwindling natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, coal

      Land use
      arable land: 31%
      permanent crops: 10%
      permanent pastures: 15%
      forests and woodland: 23%
      other: 21% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 27,100 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards regional risks include landslides, mudflows, avalanches, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding; land subsidence in Venice

      Environment - current issues air pollution from industrial emissions such as sulfur dioxide; coastal and inland rivers polluted from industrial and agricultural effluents; acid rain damaging lakes; inadequate industrial waste treatment and disposal facilities

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Tropical Timber 94

      Geography - note strategic location dominating central Mediterranean as well as southern sea and air approaches to Western Europe

      NOTE: The information regarding Italy on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Italy Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Italy Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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