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    Jamaica Geography 1998

      Location Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

      Geographic coordinates 18 15 N, 77 30 W

      Map references Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 10,990 sq km
      land: 10,830 sq km
      water: 160 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Connecticut

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 1,022 km

      Maritime claims measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior

      Terrain mostly mountains with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Blue Mountain Peak 2,256 m

      Natural resources bauxite, gypsum, limestone

      Land use
      arable land: 14%
      permanent crops: 6%
      permanent pastures: 24%
      forests and woodland: 17%
      other: 39% (1993 est.)
      note: irrigated land - 3% (350 sq km)(1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 350 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards hurricanes (especially July to November)

      Environment - current issues deforestation; coastal waters polluted by industrial waste, sewage, and oil spills; damage to coral reefs; air pollution in Kingston results from vehicle emissions

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note strategic location between Cayman Trench and Jamaica Channel, the main sea lanes for Panama Canal

      NOTE: The information regarding Jamaica on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Jamaica Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Jamaica Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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