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    Japan Geography 1998

      Location Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula

      Geographic coordinates 36 00 N, 138 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 377,835 sq km
      land: 374,744 sq km
      water: 3,091 sq km
      note: includes Bonin Islands (Ogasawara-gunto), Daito-shoto, Minami-jima, Okino-tori-shima, Ryukyu Islands (Nansei-shoto), and Volcano Islands (Kazan-retto)

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than California

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 29,751 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm; 3 nm in the international straits - La Perouse or Soya, Tsugaru, Osumi, and Eastern and Western Channels of the Korea or Tsushima Strait

      Climate varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north

      Terrain mostly rugged and mountainous

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Hachiro-gata -4 m
      highest point: Fujiyama 3,776 m

      Natural resources negligible mineral resources, fish

      Land use
      arable land: 11%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 2%
      forests and woodland: 67%
      other: 19% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 27,820 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards many dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1,500 seismic occurrences (mostly tremors) every year; tsunamis

      Environment - current issues air pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life; Japan's appetite for fish and tropical timber is contributing to the depletion of these resources in Asia and elsewhere

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification

      Geography - note strategic location in northeast Asia

      NOTE: The information regarding Japan on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Japan Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Japan Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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