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    Kenya Government 1998

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Kenya
      conventional short form: Kenya
      former: British East Africa

      Data code KE

      Government type republic

      National capital Nairobi

      Administrative divisions 7 provinces and 1 area*; Central, Coast, Eastern, Nairobi Area*, North Eastern, Nyanza, Rift Valley, Western

      Independence 12 December 1963 (from UK)

      National holiday Independence Day, 12 December (1963)

      Constitution 12 December 1963, amended as a republic 1964; reissued with amendments 1979, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1991, 1992, and 1997

      Legal system based on English common law, tribal law, and Islamic law; judicial review in High Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations; constitutional amendment of 1982 making Kenya a de jure one-party state repealed in 1991

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI (since 14 October 1978); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI (since 14 October 1978); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
      elections: president elected by popular vote from among the members of the National Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 29 December 1997 (next to be held by early 2003); vice president appointed by the president
      election results: President Daniel T. arap MOI reelected; percent of vote - Daniel T. arap MOI (KANU) 40.12%, Mwai KIBAKI (DP) 31.09%, Raila ODINGA (NDP) 10.2%, Michael WAMALWA (FORD-Kenya) 8.29%, Charity NGILU (SDP) 7.71%

      Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Bunge (222 seats, 12 appointed by the president, 210 members popularly elected to serve 5-year terms)
      elections: last held 29 December 1997 (next to be held between 1 December 2002 and 30 April 2003)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - KANU 107, FORD-Asili 1, FORD-Kenya 17, FORD-People 3, DP 39, NDP 21, SDP 15, SAFINA 5, smaller parties 2; seats appointed by the president - KANU 6, FORD-Kenya 1, DP 2, SDP 1, NDP 1, SAFINA 1

      Judicial branch Court of Appeal, chief justice is appointed by the president; High Court

      Political parties and leaders
      ruling party: Kenya African National Union or KANU [President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI]
      opposition party: Democratic Party of Kenya or DP [Mwai KIBAKI]; Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-Asili or FORD-Asili [Martin SHIKUKU, chairman]; Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-Kenya or FORD-Kenya [Michael Kijana WAMALWA]; Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-People or FORD-People [Kimani wa NYOIKE]; Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-Saba Saba or Asili Saba Saba [Kenneth MATIBA, chairman]; National Development Party or NDP [Raila ODINGA, president and Dr. Charles MARANGA, secretary-general]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Charity NGILU]; SAFINA [Mutari KIGANO, chairman and Dr. Richard LEAKEY, secretary-general]

      Political pressure groups and leaders National Convention Executive Council or NCEC, a proreform coalition of political parties and non-government organizations [Kivutha KIBWANA, leader]; Roman Catholic and other Christian churches; human rights groups; labor unions; Muslim organizations

      International organization participation ACP, C, CCC, EADB, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM, OAU, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMOP, UNOMIL, UNPREDEP, UNU, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Samson K. CHEMAI
      chancery: 2249 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 387-6101
      FAX: [1] (202) 462-3829
      consulate(s) general: Los Angeles and New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Prudence B. BUSHNELL (17 July 1996)
      embassy: corner of Moi Avenue and Haile Selassie Avenue, Nairobi
      mailing address: P. O. Box 30137, Unit 64100, APO AE 09831
      telephone: [254] (2) 334141
      FAX: [254] (2) 340838

      Flag description three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a large warrior's shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center

      NOTE: The information regarding Kenya on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kenya Government 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kenya Government 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)