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    Korea, North Geography 1998

      Location Eastern Asia, northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, between China and South Korea

      Geographic coordinates 40 00 N, 127 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 120,540 sq km
      land: 120,410 sq km
      water: 130 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Mississippi

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,673 km
      border countries: China 1,416 km, South Korea 238 km, Russia 19 km

      Coastline 2,495 km

      Maritime claims
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      military boundary line: 50 nm in the Sea of Japan and the exclusive economic zone limit in the Yellow Sea where all foreign vessels and aircraft without permission are banned

      Climate temperate with rainfall concentrated in summer

      Terrain mostly hills and mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys; coastal plains wide in west, discontinuous in east

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m
      highest point: Paektu-san 2,744 m

      Natural resources coal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, salt, fluorspar, hydropower

      Land use
      arable land: 14%
      permanent crops: 2%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 61%
      other: 23% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 14,600 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards late spring droughts often followed by severe flooding; occasional typhoons during the early fall

      Environment - current issues localized air pollution attributable to inadequate industrial controls; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note strategic location bordering China, South Korea, and Russia; mountainous interior is isolated, nearly inaccessible, and sparsely populated

      NOTE: The information regarding Korea, North on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Korea, North Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea, North Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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