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    Kyrgyzstan Geography 1998

      Location Central Asia, west of China

      Geographic coordinates 41 00 N, 75 00 E

      Map references Commonwealth of Independent States

      total: 198,500 sq km
      land: 191,300 sq km
      water: 7,200 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than South Dakota

      Land boundaries
      total: 3,878 km
      border countries: China 858 km, Kazakhstan 1,051 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone

      Terrain peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Kara-Darya 132 m
      highest point: Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy) 7,439 m

      Natural resources abundant hydroelectric potential; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc

      Land use
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 44%
      forests and woodland: 4%
      other: 45% (1993 est.)
      note: Kyrgyzstan has the world's largest natural growth walnut forest

      Irrigated land 9,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues water pollution; many people get their water directly from contaminated streams and wells; as a result, water-borne diseases are prevalent; increasing soil salinity from faulty irrigation practices

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Kyrgyzstan on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kyrgyzstan Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kyrgyzstan Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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