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    Laos Government 1998

      Country name
      conventional long form: Lao People's Democratic Republic
      conventional short form: Laos
      local long form: Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao
      local short form: none

      Data code LA

      Government type Communist state

      National capital Vientiane

      Administrative divisions 16 provinces (khoueng, singular and plural), 1 municipality* (kampheng nakhon, singular and plural), and 1 special zone** (khetphiset, singular and plural); Attapu, Bokeo, Bolikhamxai, Champasak, Houaphan, Khammouan, Louangnamtha, Louangphabang, Oudomxai, Phongsali, Salavan, Savannakhet, Viangchan*, Viangchan, Xaignabouli, Xaisomboun**, Xekong, Xiangkhoang

      Independence 19 July 1949 (from France)

      National holiday National Day, 2 December (1975) (proclamation of the Lao People's Democratic Republic)

      Constitution promulgated 14 August 1991

      Legal system based on traditional customs, French legal norms and procedures, and Socialist practice

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President KHAMTAI Siphandon (elected 26 February 1998 by the National People's Assembly to succeed NOUHAK PHOUMSAVAN who retired); Vice President OUDOM Khattiya (since 26 February 1998)
      head of government: Prime Minister SISAVAT Keobounphan (since 26 February 1998); Deputy Prime Ministers KHAMPHOUI Keoboualapha (since 15 August 1991), BOUNGNANG Volachit (since 20 April 1996), CHOUMMALI Saignason (since 26 February 1998), SOMSAVAT Lengsavad (since 26 February 1998)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the National Assembly
      elections: president elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 21 December 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); prime minister appointed by the president with the approval of the National Assembly for a five-year term
      election results: KHAMTAI Siphandon elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - NA

      Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly (99 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; note - by presidential decree, on 27 October 1997, the number of seats increased from 85 to 99)
      elections: last held 21 December 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - LPRP or LPRP-approved (independent, non-party members) 99; note - the distribution of seats as of January 1998 is as follows - LPRP 98, independents 1

      Judicial branch People's Supreme Court, the president of the People's Supreme Court is elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the National Assembly Standing Committee, the vice president of the People's Supreme Court and the judges are appointed by the National Assembly Standing Committee

      Political parties and leaders Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP), KHAMTAI Siphandon, party president; other parties proscribed

      Political pressure groups and leaders noncommunist political groups proscribed; most opposition leaders fled the country in 1975

      International organization participation ACCT, AsDB, ASEAN, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador-designate VANG Lattanavong
      chancery: 2222 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 332-6416
      FAX: [1] (202) 332-4923

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Wendy Jean CHAMBERLIN
      embassy: Rue Bartholonie, B.P. 114, Vientiane
      mailing address: American Embassy, Box V, APO AP 96546
      telephone: [856] (21) 212581, 212582, 212585
      FAX: [856] (21) 212584

      Flag description three horizontal bands of red (top), blue (double width), and red with a large white disk centered in the blue band

      NOTE: The information regarding Laos on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Laos Government 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Laos Government 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)