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    Libya Government 1998

      Country name
      conventional long form: Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
      conventional short form: Libya
      local long form: Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah
      local short form: none

      Data code LY

      Government type Jamahiriya (a state of the masses) in theory, governed by the populace through local councils; in fact, a military dictatorship

      National capital Tripoli

      Administrative divisions 25 municipalities (baladiyah, singular - baladiyat); Ajdabiya, Al 'Aziziyah, Al Fatih, Al Jabal al Akhdar, Al Jufrah, Al Khums, Al Kufrah, An Nuqat al Khams, Ash Shati', Awbari, Az Zawiyah, Banghazi, Darnah, Ghadamis, Gharyan, Misratah, Murzuq, Sabha, Sawfajjin, Surt, Tarabulus, Tarhunah, Tubruq, Yafran, Zlitan
      note: the 25 municipalities may have been replaced by 1,500 communes in 1992

      Independence 24 December 1951 (from Italy)

      National holiday Revolution Day, 1 September (1969)

      Constitution 11 December 1969, amended 2 March 1977

      Legal system based on Italian civil law system and Islamic law; separate religious courts; no constitutional provision for judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

      Executive branch
      chief of state: Revolutionary Leader Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI (since 1 September 1969); note - holds no official title, but is de facto chief of state
      head of government: Secretary of the General People's Committee (Premier) Muhammad Ahmad al-MANQUSH (since NA January 1998)
      cabinet: General People's Committee established by the General People's Congress
      elections: national elections are indirect through a hierarchy of peoples' committees; head of government elected by the General People's Congress; election last held NA (next to be held NA)
      election results: Muhammad Ahmad al-MANQUSH elected head of government; percent of General People's Congress vote - NA

      Legislative branch unicameral General People's Congress (NA seats; members elected indirectly through a hierarchy of peoples' committees)

      Judicial branch Supreme Court

      Political parties and leaders none

      Political pressure groups and leaders various Arab nationalist movements with almost negligible memberships may be functioning clandestinely, as well as some Islamic elements

      International organization participation ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU, CAEU, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OAU, OIC, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US Libya does not have an embassy in the US

      Diplomatic representation from the US the US suspended all embassy activities in Tripoli on 2 May 1980

      Flag description plain green; green is the traditional color of Islam (the state religion)

      NOTE: The information regarding Libya on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Libya Government 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Libya Government 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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