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    Mauritius Geography 1998

      Location Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

      Geographic coordinates 20 17 S, 57 33 E

      Map references World

      total: 1,860 sq km
      land: 1,850 sq km
      water: 10 sq km
      note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues

      Area - comparative almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 177 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)

      Terrain small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Piton de la Petite Riviere Noire 828 m

      Natural resources arable land, fish

      Land use
      arable land: 49%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 3%
      forests and woodland: 22%
      other: 23% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 170 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards

      Environment - current issues water pollution

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      NOTE: The information regarding Mauritius on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mauritius Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mauritius Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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