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    Namibia Geography 1998

      Location Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa

      Geographic coordinates 22 00 S, 17 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 825,418 sq km
      land: 825,418 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than half the size of Alaska

      Land boundaries
      total: 3,824 km
      border countries: Angola 1,376 km, Botswana 1,360 km, South Africa 855 km, Zambia 233 km

      Coastline 1,572 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic

      Terrain mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Konigstein 2,606 m

      Natural resources diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt, vanadium, natural gas, fish; suspected deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore

      Land use
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 46%
      forests and woodland: 22%
      other: 31% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 60 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards prolonged periods of drought

      Environment - current issues very limited natural fresh water resources; desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      NOTE: The information regarding Namibia on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Namibia Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Namibia Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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