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    Nepal Geography 1998

      Location Southern Asia, between China and India

      Geographic coordinates 28 00 N, 84 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 140,800 sq km
      land: 136,800 sq km
      water: 4,000 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Arkansas

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,926 km
      border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south

      Terrain Terai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
      highest point: Mount Everest 8,848 m

      Natural resources quartz, water, timber, hydropower potential, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

      Land use
      arable land: 17%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 15%
      forests and woodland: 42%
      other: 26% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 8,500 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought, and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons

      Environment - current issues the almost total dependence on wood for fuel and cutting down trees to expand agricultural land without replanting has resulted in widespread deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution (use of contaminated water presents human health risks)

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks

      NOTE: The information regarding Nepal on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nepal Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nepal Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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