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    Oman Government 1998

      Country name
      conventional long form: Sultanate of Oman
      conventional short form: Oman
      local long form: Saltanat Uman
      local short form: Uman

      Data code MU

      Government type monarchy

      National capital Muscat

      Administrative divisions 6 regions (mintaqah, singular - mintaqat) and 2 governorates* (muhafazah, singular - muhafazat) Ad Dakhiliyah, Al Batinah, Al Wusta, Ash Sharqiyah, Az Zahirah, Masqat, Musandam*, Zufar*

      Independence 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)

      National holiday National Day, 18 November (1940)

      Constitution none; note - on 6 November 1996, Sultan QABOOS issued a royal decree promulgating a new basic law which, among other things, clarifies the royal succession, provides for a prime minister, bars ministers from holding interests in companies doing business with the government, establishes a bicameral Omani council, and guarantees basic civil liberties for Omani citizens

      Legal system based on English common law and Islamic law; ultimate appeal to the sultan; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage limited to approximately 50,000 Omanis chosen by the government to vote in elections for the Majlis ash-Shura

      Executive branch
      chief of state: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said Al Said (since 23 July 1970); note - the sultan is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said Al Said (since 23 July 1970); note - the sultan is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the sultan
      elections: none; the sultan is a hereditary monarch

      Legislative branch bicameral Majlis Oman consists of an upper chamber or Majlis ad-Dawla (41 seats; members appointed by the Sultan; has advisory powers only) and a lower chamber or Majlis ash-Shura (82 seats; members elected by limited suffrage, however, the Sultan makes final selections and can negate election results; body has some limited power to propose legislation, but otherwise has only advisory powers)
      elections: last held NA October 1997 (next to be held NA 2000)
      election results: NA

      Judicial branch none; traditional Islamic judges and a nascent civil court system, administered by region

      Political parties and leaders none

      Political pressure groups and leaders NA

      International organization participation ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO (applicant)

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Abdallah bin Muhammad bin Aqil al-DHAHAB
      chancery: 2535 Belmont Road, NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 387-1980 through 1982, 1988
      FAX: [1] (202) 745-4933

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Frances D. COOK
      embassy: Jameat A'Duwal Al Arabiya Street, Al Khuwair area, Muscat
      mailing address: domestic: Unit 73000, Box 1, APO AE 09890-3000; international: P. O. Box 202, Code No. 115, Medinat Qaboos, Muscat
      telephone: [968] 698989 (Medinat Qaboos, switchboard)
      FAX: [968] 699779

      Flag description three horizontal bands of white, red, and green of equal width with a broad, vertical, red band on the hoist side; the national emblem (a khanjar dagger in its sheath superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards) in white is centered at the top of the vertical band

      NOTE: The information regarding Oman on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Oman Government 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Oman Government 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)