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    Poland Geography 1998

      Location Central Europe, east of Germany

      Geographic coordinates 52 00 N, 20 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 312,683 sq km
      land: 304,510 sq km
      water: 8,173 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Mexico

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,888 km
      border countries: Belarus 605 km, Czech Republic 658 km, Germany 456 km, Lithuania 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 206 km, Slovakia 444 km, Ukraine 428 km

      Coastline 491 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: defined by international treaties
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers

      Terrain mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Raczki Elblaskie -2 m
      highest point: Rysy 2,499 m

      Natural resources coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt

      Land use
      arable land: 47%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 13%
      forests and woodland: 29%
      other: 10% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues situation has improved since 1989 due to decline in heavy industry and increased environmental concern by postcommunist governments; air pollution nonetheless remains serious because of sulfur dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants, and the resulting acid rain has caused forest damage; water pollution from industrial and municipal sources is also a problem, as is disposal of hazardous wastes

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note historically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain

      NOTE: The information regarding Poland on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Poland Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Poland Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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