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    Portugal Geography 1998

      Location Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain

      Geographic coordinates 39 30 N, 8 00 W

      Map references Europe

      total: 92,391 sq km
      land: 91,951 sq km
      water: 440 sq km
      note: includes Azores and Madeira Islands

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Indiana

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,214 km
      border countries: Spain 1,214 km

      Coastline 1,793 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south

      Terrain mountainous north of the Tagus, rolling plains in south

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Ponta do Pico in Azores 2,351 m

      Natural resources fish, forests (cork), tungsten, iron ore, uranium ore, marble

      Land use
      arable land: 26%
      permanent crops: 9%
      permanent pastures: 9%
      forests and woodland: 36%
      other: 20% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 6,300 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards Azores subject to severe earthquakes

      Environment - current issues soil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially in coastal areas

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Environmental Modification, Nuclear Test Ban, Tropical Timber 94

      Geography - note Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar

      NOTE: The information regarding Portugal on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Portugal Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Portugal Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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