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    Sao Tome and Principe Geography 1998

      Location Western Africa, island in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon

      Geographic coordinates 1 00 N, 7 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 960 sq km
      land: 960 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative more than five times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 209 km

      Maritime claims measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)

      Terrain volcanic, mountainous

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m

      Natural resources fish

      Land use
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 36%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: NA%
      other: 61% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 100 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification

      NOTE: The information regarding Sao Tome and Principe on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sao Tome and Principe Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sao Tome and Principe Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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