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    South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Geography 1998

      Location Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of the tip of South America

      Geographic coordinates 54 30 S, 37 00 W

      Map references Antarctic Region

      total: 4,066 sq km
      land: 4,066 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes Shag Rocks, Clerke Rocks, Bird Island

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Rhode Island

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline NA km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate variable, with mostly westerly winds throughout the year, interspersed with periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow

      Terrain most of the islands, rising steeply from the sea, are rugged and mountainous; South Georgia is largely barren and has steep, glacier-covered mountains; the South Sandwich Islands are of volcanic origin with some active volcanoes

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Paget 2,915 m

      Natural resources fish

      Land use
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 100% (largely covered by permanent ice and snow with some sparse vegetation consisting of grass, moss, and lichen)

      Irrigated land 0 sq km (1993)

      Natural hazards the South Sandwich Islands have prevailing weather conditions that generally make them difficult to approach by ship; they are also subject to active volcanism

      Environment - current issues NA

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: NA
      signed, but not ratified: NA

      Geography - note the north coast of South Georgia has several large bays, which provide good anchorage; reindeer, introduced early in this century, live on South Georgia

      NOTE: The information regarding South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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