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    Sudan Geography 1998

      Location Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea

      Geographic coordinates 15 00 N, 30 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 2,505,810 sq km
      land: 2.376 million sq km
      water: 129,810 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than one-quarter the size of the US

      Land boundaries
      total: 7,687 km
      border countries: Central African Republic 1,165 km, Chad 1,360 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 628 km, Egypt 1,273 km, Eritrea 605 km, Ethiopia 1,606 km, Kenya 232 km, Libya 383 km, Uganda 435 km

      Coastline 853 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 18 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season (April to October)

      Terrain generally flat, featureless plain; mountains in east and west

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Red Sea 0 m
      highest point: Kinyeti 3,187 m

      Natural resources petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold

      Land use
      arable land: 5%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 46%
      forests and woodland: 19%
      other: 30% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 19,460 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards dust storms

      Environment - current issues inadequate supplies of potable water; wildlife populations threatened by excessive hunting; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note largest country in Africa; dominated by the Nile and its tributaries

      NOTE: The information regarding Sudan on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sudan Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sudan Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2022 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)