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    Thailand Geography 1998

      Location Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

      Geographic coordinates 15 00 N, 100 00 E

      Map references Southeast Asia

      total: 514,000 sq km
      land: 511,770 sq km
      water: 2,230 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming

      Land boundaries
      total: 4,863 km
      border countries: Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km

      Coastline 3,219 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid

      Terrain central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
      highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m

      Natural resources tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite

      Land use
      arable land: 34%
      permanent crops: 6%
      permanent pastures: 2%
      forests and woodland: 26%
      other: 32% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 44,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts

      Environment - current issues air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note controls only land route from Asia to Malaysia and Singapore

      NOTE: The information regarding Thailand on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Thailand Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Thailand Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)