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    Virgin Islands Geography 1998

      Location Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico

      Geographic coordinates 18 20 N, 64 50 W

      Map references Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 352 sq km
      land: 349 sq km
      water: 3 sq km

      Area - comparative twice the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 188 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate subtropical, tempered by easterly trade winds, relatively low humidity, little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season May to November

      Terrain mostly hilly to rugged and mountainous with little level land

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Crown Mountain 474 m

      Natural resources sun, sand, sea, surf

      Land use
      arable land: 15%
      permanent crops: 6%
      permanent pastures: 26%
      forests and woodland: 6%
      other: 47% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards several hurricanes in recent years; frequent and severe droughts, floods, and earthquakes

      Environment - current issues lack of natural freshwater resources

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: NA
      signed, but not ratified: NA

      Geography - note important location along the Anegada Passage - a key shipping lane for the Panama Canal; Saint Thomas has one of the best natural, deepwater harbors in the Caribbean

      NOTE: The information regarding Virgin Islands on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Virgin Islands Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Virgin Islands Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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