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    Bangladesh Geography - 2002

      Location Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India

      Geographic coordinates 24 00 N, 90 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 144,000 sq km
      land: 133,910 sq km
      water: 10,090 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Iowa

      Land boundaries
      total: 4,246 km
      border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km

      Coastline 580 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 18 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)

      Terrain mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m

      Natural resources natural gas, arable land, timber, coal

      Land use
      arable land: 61%
      permanent crops: 3%
      other: 36% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 38,440 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely inundated during the summer monsoon season

      Environment - current issues many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; water-borne diseases prevalent in surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, results from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contaminated by naturally occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; severe overpopulation

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note most of the country is situated on deltas of large rivers flowing from the Himalayas: the Ganges unites with the Jamuna (main channel of the Brahmaputra) and later joins the Meghna to eventually empty into the Bay of Bengal

      NOTE: The information regarding Bangladesh on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bangladesh Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bangladesh Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)