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    Gaza Strip Economy - 2002

      Economy - overview Economic output in the Gaza Strip - under the responsibility of the Palestinian Authority since the Cairo Agreement of May 1994 - declined by about one-third between 1992 and 1996. The downturn was largely the result of Israeli closure policies - the imposition of generalized border closures in response to security incidents in Israel - which disrupted previously established labor and commodity market relationships between Israel and the WBGS (West Bank and Gaza Strip). The most serious negative social effect of this downturn was the emergence of high unemployment; unemployment in the WBGS during the 1980s was generally under 5%; by 1995 it had risen to over 20%. Israel's use of comprehensive closures decreased during the next few years and, in 1998, Israel implemented new policies to reduce the impact of closures and other security procedures on the movement of Palestinian goods and labor. These changes fueled an almost three-year-long economic recovery in the West Bank and Gaza Strip; real GDP grew by 5% in 1998 and 6% in 1999. Recovery was upended in the last quarter of 2000 with the outbreak of Palestinian violence, triggering tight Israeli closures of Palestinian self-rule areas and a severe disruption of trade and labor movements. In 2001, and even more severely in early 2002, internal turmoil and Israeli military measures in Palestinian Authority areas resulted in the destruction of capital plant and administrative structure, widespread business closures, and a sharp drop in GDP. Another major loss has been the decline in income earned by Palestinian workers in Israel.

      GDP purchasing power parity - $750 million (2001 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate -35% (2001 est.)

      GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $625 (2001 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector
      agriculture: 9%
      industry: 28%
      services: 63% (includes West Bank, 1999 est.)

      Population below poverty line 60% (2001 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1% (includes West Bank) (2001 est.)

      Labor force NA

      Labor force - by occupation services 66%, industry 21%, agriculture 13% (1996)

      Unemployment rate 26% (includes West Bank) (2001 est.)

      revenues: $930 million
      expenditures: $1.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $15 million (includes West Bank) (2000 est.)

      Industries generally small family businesses that produce textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Israelis have established some small-scale modern industries in an industrial center

      Industrial production growth rate NA%

      Electricity - production NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by Israel

      Electricity - consumption NA kWh

      Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)

      Electricity - imports NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by Israel

      Agriculture - products olives, citrus, vegetables; beef, dairy products

      Exports $603 million (includes West Bank) (f.o.b., 2001 est.)

      Exports - commodities citrus, flowers

      Exports - partners Israel, Egypt, West Bank

      Imports $1.9 billion (includes West Bank) (c.i.f., 2001 est.)

      Imports - commodities food, consumer goods, construction materials

      Imports - partners Israel, Egypt, West Bank

      Debt - external $108 million (includes West Bank) (1997 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient $800 million disbursed (includes West Bank) (2001 est.)

      Currency new Israeli shekel (ILS)

      Currency code ILS

      Exchange rates new Israeli shekels per US dollar - 4.2757 (December 2001), 4.2057 (2001), 4.0773 (2000), 4.1397 (1999), 3.8001 (1998), 3.4494 (1997)

      Fiscal year calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Gaza Strip on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gaza Strip Economy 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gaza Strip Economy 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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