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    Haiti Geography - 2002

      Location Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

      Geographic coordinates 19 00 N, 72 25 W

      Map references Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 27,750 sq km
      land: 27,560 sq km
      water: 190 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries
      total: 360 km
      border countries: Dominican Republic 360 km

      Coastline 1,771 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds

      Terrain mostly rough and mountainous

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m

      Natural resources bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower

      Land use
      arable land: 20%
      permanent crops: 13%
      other: 67% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 750 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)

      NOTE: The information regarding Haiti on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Haiti Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Haiti Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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