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    Lithuania Geography - 2002

      Location Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia

      Geographic coordinates 56 00 N, 24 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 65,200 sq km
      water: NA sq km
      land: NA sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than West Virginia

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,273 km
      border countries: Belarus 502 km, Latvia 453 km, Poland 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 227 km

      Coastline 99 km

      Maritime claims
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers

      Terrain lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Juozapines/Kalnas 292 m

      Natural resources peat, arable land

      Land use
      arable land: 45%
      permanent crops: 1%
      other: 54% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 90 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note fertile central plains are separated by hilly uplands that are ancient glacial deposits

      NOTE: The information regarding Lithuania on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Lithuania Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lithuania Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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