Open menu Close menu Open Search Close search Open sharebox Close sharebox
Support our Sponsor

. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries

  • |Main Index|
  • 2002 INDEX
  • Country Ranks
  • Home PageCountry Index

    Mongolia Geography - 2002

      Location Northern Asia, between China and Russia

      Geographic coordinates 46 00 N, 105 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 1.565 million sq km
      water: 9,600 sq km
      land: 1,555,400 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Alaska

      Land boundaries
      total: 8,162 km
      border countries: China 4,677 km, Russia 3,485 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)

      Terrain vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Hoh Nuur 518 m
      highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil (Huyten Orgil) 4,374 m

      Natural resources oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, wolfram, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron, phosphate

      Land use
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 99% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 840 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards dust storms, grassland and forest fires, drought, and "zud", which is harsh winter conditions

      Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources in some areas; policies of the former Communist regime promoting rapid urbanization and industrial growth have raised concerns about their negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal in power plants and the lack of enforcement of environmental laws have severely polluted the air in Ulaanbaatar; deforestation, overgrazing, the converting of virgin land to agricultural production have increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification and mining activities have also had a deleterious effect on the environment

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note landlocked; strategic location between China and Russia

      NOTE: The information regarding Mongolia on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mongolia Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mongolia Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please ADD this page to your FAVORITES - - - - -

    Language Translation Services - All Languages

    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2002 - 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)