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    Nicaragua Geography - 2002

      Location Middle America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras

      Geographic coordinates 13 00 N, 85 00 W

      Map references Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 129,494 sq km
      water: 9,240 sq km
      land: 120,254 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than the state of New York

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,231 km
      border countries: Costa Rica 309 km, Honduras 922 km

      Coastline 910 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: natural prolongation
      territorial sea: 200 NM

      Climate tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands

      Terrain extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mogoton 2,438 m

      Natural resources gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish

      Land use
      arable land: 20%
      permanent crops: 2%
      other: 78% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 880 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards destructive earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides; extremely susceptible to hurricanes

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

      Geography - note largest country in Central America; contains the largest freshwater body in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua

      NOTE: The information regarding Nicaragua on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nicaragua Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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