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    Romania Geography - 2002

      Location Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine

      Geographic coordinates 46 00 N, 25 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 237,500 sq km
      land: 230,340 sq km
      water: 7,160 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,508 km
      border countries: Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, Moldova 450 km, Yugoslavia 476 km, Ukraine (north) 362 km, Ukraine (east) 169 km

      Coastline 225 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms

      Terrain central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Plain of Moldavia on the east by the Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
      highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m

      Natural resources petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower

      Land use
      arable land: 41%
      permanent crops: 2%
      other: 57% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 28,800 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards earthquakes, most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides

      Environment - current issues soil erosion and degradation; water pollution; air pollution in south from industrial effluents; contamination of Danube delta wetlands

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol

      Geography - note controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans, Moldova, and Ukraine

      NOTE: The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Romania Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)