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    Rwanda Geography - 2002

      Location Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates 2 00 S, 30 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 26,338 sq km
      water: 1,390 sq km
      land: 24,948 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries
      total: 893 km
      border countries: Burundi 290 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 217 km, Tanzania 217 km, Uganda 169 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible

      Terrain mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Rusizi River 950 m
      highest point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m

      Natural resources gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land

      Land use
      arable land: 32%
      permanent crops: 10%
      other: 58% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 40 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards periodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga mountains are in the northwest along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Environment - current issues deforestation results from uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel; overgrazing; soil exhaustion; soil erosion; widespread poaching

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note landlocked; most of the country is savanna grassland with the population predominantly rural

      NOTE: The information regarding Rwanda on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Rwanda Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Rwanda Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)