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    Swaziland Geography - 2002

      Location Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa

      Geographic coordinates 26 30 S, 31 30 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 17,363 sq km
      water: 160 sq km
      land: 17,203 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries
      total: 535 km
      border countries: Mozambique 105 km, South Africa 430 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate varies from tropical to near temperate

      Terrain mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Great Usutu River 21 m
      highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m

      Natural resources asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc

      Land use
      arable land: 10%
      permanent crops: 1%
      other: 89% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 690 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards drought

      Environment - current issues limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Swaziland on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Swaziland Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Swaziland Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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