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    Tajikistan Geography - 2002

      Location Central Asia, west of China

      Geographic coordinates 39 00 N, 71 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 143,100 sq km
      water: 400 sq km
      land: 142,700 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Wisconsin

      Land boundaries
      total: 3,651 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains

      Terrain Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m
      highest point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m

      Natural resources hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold

      Land use
      arable land: 5%
      permanent crops: 1%
      other: 94% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 7,200 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards earthquakes and floods

      Environment - current issues inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides; part of the basin of the shrinking Aral Sea suffers from severe overutilization of available water for irrigation and associated pollution

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note landlocked; mountainous region dominated by the Trans-Alay Range in the north and the Pamirs in the southeast; highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the tallest mountain in the former USSR

      NOTE: The information regarding Tajikistan on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tajikistan Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tajikistan Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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