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    Norway Economy 1998

      Economy - overview Norway is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism. The economy consists of a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector (through large-scale state enterprises), and extensively subsidizes agriculture, fishing, and areas with sparse resources. Norway maintains an extensive welfare system that helps propel public sector expenditures to more than 50% of GDP and results in one of the highest average tax levels in the world. A small country with a high dependence on international trade, Norway is basically an exporter of raw materials and semiprocessed goods, with an abundance of small- and medium-sized firms, and is ranked among the major shipping nations. The country is richly endowed with natural resources - petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals - and is highly dependent on its oil sector. Only Saudi Arabia exports more oil than Norway. Norway imports more than half its food needs. Oslo opted to stay out of the EU during a referendum in November 1994. Economic growth in 1998 should be about the same as in 1997. Inflation probably will move up toward 3% because of tightness in labor markets. Despite their high per capita income - outstripped among major nations only by the US - and their generous welfare benefits, Norwegians worry about that time in the 21st century when the oil and gas run out.

      GDP purchasing power parity - $120.5 billion (1997 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate 3.5% (1997 est.)

      GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $27,400 (1997 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector
      agriculture: 2.9%
      industry: 34.7%
      services: 62.4% (1991)

      Inflation rate - consumer price index 2% (1997 est.)

      Labor force
      total: 2.13 million
      by occupation: services 71%, industry 23%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 6% (1993)

      Unemployment rate 2.6% (yearend 1997)

      revenues: $48.6 billion
      expenditures: $53 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1994 est.)

      Industries petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing

      Industrial production growth rate 3% (1996 est.)

      Electricity - capacity 26.431 million kW (1995)

      Electricity - production 121.375 billion kWh (1995)

      Electricity - consumption per capita 26,547 kWh (1995)

      Agriculture - products oats, other grains; beef, milk; livestock output exceeds value of crops; among world's top 10 fishing nations; fish catch of 2.33 million metric tons in 1994

      total value: $49.3 billion (f.o.b., 1996)
      commodities: petroleum and petroleum products 43%, metals and products 11%, foodstuffs (mostly fish) 9%, chemicals and raw materials 25%, natural gas 6.0%, ships 5.4%
      partners: EU 77.2% (UK 19.8%, Germany 12.7%, Netherlands 9.1%, France 7.8%, Sweden 9.8%), US 6.0% (1995)

      total value: $35.1 billion (c.i.f., 1996)
      commodities: machinery and equipment and manufactured consumer goods 54%, chemicals and other industrial inputs 39%, foodstuffs 6%
      partners: EU 71.0% (Sweden 15.4%, Germany 13.8%, UK 9.7%, Denmark 7.5%, Netherlands 4.4%), US 6.6% (1995)

      Debt - external $NA

      Economic aid
      donor: ODA, $1.014 billion (1993)

      Currency 1 Norwegian krone (NKr) = 100 oere

      Exchange rates Norwegian kroner (NKr) per US$1 - 7.4875 (January 1998), 7.0734 (1997), 6.4498 (1996), 6.3352 (1995), 7.0576 (1994), 7.0941 (1993)

      Fiscal year calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Norway on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Norway Economy 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Norway Economy 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)