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    Norway Geography 1998

      Location Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden

      Geographic coordinates 62 00 N, 10 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 324,220 sq km
      land: 307,860 sq km
      water: 16,360 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than New Mexico

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,515 km
      border countries: Finland 729 km, Sweden 1,619 km, Russia 167 km

      Coastline 21,925 km (includes mainland 3,419 km, large islands 2,413 km, long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 16,093 km)

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 10 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 4 nm

      Climate temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior; rainy year-round on west coast

      Terrain glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m
      highest point: Glittertinden 2,472 m

      Natural resources petroleum, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower

      Land use
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: NA%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 27%
      other: 70% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 970 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note about two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines in world; Norway only NATO member having a land boundary with Russia

      NOTE: The information regarding Norway on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Norway Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Norway Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)