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    Uzbekistan Geography 1998

      Location Central Asia, north of Afghanistan

      Geographic coordinates 41 00 N, 64 00 E

      Map references Commonwealth of Independent States

      total: 447,400 sq km
      land: 425,400 sq km
      water: 22,000 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than California

      Land boundaries
      total: 6,221 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2,203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,099 km, Tajikistan 1,161 km, Turkmenistan 1,621 km

      Coastline 0 km
      note: Uzbekistan borders the Aral Sea (420 km)

      Maritime claims none (doubly landlocked)

      Climate mostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east

      Terrain mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Sirdaryo, and Zarafshon; Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Sariqarnish Kuli -12 m
      highest point: Adelunga Toghi 4,301 m

      Natural resources natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum

      Land use
      arable land: 9%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 46%
      forests and woodland: 3%
      other: 41% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 40,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues drying up of the Aral Sea is resulting in growing concentrations of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then blown from the increasingly exposed lake bed and contribute to desertification; water pollution from industrial wastes and the heavy use of fertilizers and pesticides is the cause of many human health disorders; increasing soil salinization; soil contamination from agricultural chemicals, including DDT

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note along with Liechtenstein, one of the only two doubly landlocked countries in the world

      NOTE: The information regarding Uzbekistan on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Uzbekistan Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Uzbekistan Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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