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    Singapore Geography - 2002

      Location Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia

      Geographic coordinates 1 22 N, 103 48 E

      Map references Southeast Asia

      total: 692.7 sq km
      water: 10 sq km
      land: 682.7 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 193 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice
      territorial sea: 3 NM

      Climate tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon from December to March and Southwestern monsoon from June to September; inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms

      Terrain lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m
      highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m

      Natural resources fish, deepwater ports

      Land use
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 98% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues industrial pollution; limited natural fresh water resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes

      NOTE: The information regarding Singapore on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Singapore Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Singapore Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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