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    Singapore Government - 2002

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Singapore
      conventional short form: Singapore

      Government type parliamentary republic

      Capital Singapore

      Administrative divisions none

      Independence 9 August 1965 (from Malaysia)

      National holiday Independence Day, 9 August (1965)

      Constitution 3 June 1959, amended 1965 (based on preindependence State of Singapore Constitution)

      Legal system based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 21 years of age; universal and compulsory

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Sellapan Rama (S. R.) NATHAN (since 1 September 1999)
      head of government: Prime Minister Chok Tong GOH (since 28 November 1990) and Deputy Prime Ministers Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Hsien Loong LEE (since 28 November 1990) and Keng Yam Tony TAN (since 1 August 1995)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president, responsible to Parliament
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 28 August 1999 (next to be held by August 2005); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president; deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
      election results: Sellapan Rama (S. R.) NATHAN elected president unopposed

      Legislative branch unicameral Parliament (84 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - in addition, there are up to nine nominated members; the losing opposition candidate who came closet to winning a seat may be appointed as a "nonconstituency" member
      elections: last held 3 November 2001 (next to be held 25 June 2007)
      election results: percent of vote by party - PAP 75.3% (in contested constituencies), other 24.7%; seats by party - PAP 82, WP 1, SDA 1

      Judicial branch Supreme Court (chief justice is appointed by the president with the advice of the prime minister, other judges are appointed by the president with the advice of the chief justice); Court of Appeals

      Political parties and leaders Democratic Progressive Party or DPP [leader NA]; People's Action Party or PAP [Chok Tong GOH, secretary general] - the governing party; Singapore Democratic Alliance or SDA [CHIAM See Tong] (includes Singapore People's Party or SPP [CHIAM See Tong], Singapore Democratic Party or SDP [CHEE Soon Juan], National Solidarity Party [leader NA], Singapore Justice Party [leader NA], and Singapore Malay National Organization [leader NA]); Workers' Party or WP [J. B. JEYARETNAM]

      Political pressure groups and leaders NA

      International organization participation APEC, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, BIS, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OPCW, PCA, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNTAET, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Heng Chee CHAN
      consulate(s): New York
      consulate(s) general: San Francisco
      FAX: [1] (202) 537-0876
      telephone: [1] (202) 537-3100
      chancery: 3501 International Place NW, Washington, DC 20008

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Franklin L. LAVIN
      embassy: 27 Napier Road, Singapore 258508
      mailing address: PSC Box 470, FPO AP 96534-0001
      telephone: [65] 476-9100
      FAX: [65] 476-9340

      Flag description two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; near the hoist side of the red band, there is a vertical, white crescent (closed portion is toward the hoist side) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle

      NOTE: The information regarding Singapore on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Singapore Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Singapore Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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